Guidelines for the author(s)


Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The source files will be converted to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the editor’s decision and requests for revision, takes place through e-mail correspondence.

Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically by using the EFLTLJ online submission and review web site:

Articles should be between 7000 and 8000 words in length, including references, notes and tables with Time New Roman font, size 12. Research Notes and Discussions should be between 2500-3000 words. To better follow the submission procedures, please take note of the following:


Cover letter provision:

·         A cover letter shall be prepared and submitted by the author(s) confirming that the article has been prepared based on the data from a genuine and original study carried out by the author(s), and the manuscript has been approved by him/them.

·         In the cover letter, the author(s) shall confirm that the article has not been published anywhere else, is not currently under review, and does not contain data that are currently submitted or published.

·         In the cover letter, the author(s) shall concisely explain the scientific contributions their study makes to the field.

·         In the cover letter, the author(s) of clarification, annotations, and commentaries shall disclose any real or perceived conflicts of interest with any of the authors of the original paper.

·         In the cover letter, the author(s) shall provide the supplementary materials, the data on which their conclusions are based for other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis.

·         In the cover letter, the author(s) shall provide computer code(s) (if any) for running the analyses described in the manuscript in the online supplementary materials.

Manuscript Preparation:

In preparing the manuscript, the author(s) ensures that

·         the manuscript is prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Seventh Edition.

·         the abstract is unstructured and does not exceed 220 words in length.

·         the number of keywords does not exceed 7 words and they shall immediately follow the abstract.

·         the language used throughout the manuscript is free of prejudice or bias against any group or groups.

·         their manuscript is according to the APA Style Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method studies.

·         references in the text and the reference list adhere to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, the Seventh Edition.

·         tables are created by using Word’s Insert the Table Function rather than using spaces or tabs.

·         multi-panel figures (i.e., figures as labeled a, b, c, d) are in one file.

·         legends are placed below the figures.

·         each figure is placed in the main text.

·         supplementary materials (if any) are referenced and hyperlinked in the text.

·         all text files for the manuscript are prepared both in Microsoft Word (.docx) and Portable Document Format (.pdf).

·         the cover letter is in .pdf format.

·         figures are in TIFF or EPS files.

·         The datasets are in .sav or .xlsx file format; screen shots of computer code in TIFF or high quality .jpg formats are given as supplementary materials.

·         the supplementary texts are in both MS Word (.docx) and .pdf files.

·         and other supplementary materials are provided (if any).


As a final note to this section:


-Make sure:

-that one author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

·         Email address

·         Designation and Affiliation

-that all necessary files have been uploaded,

-that the manuscript includes keywords,

- that all figures include relevant captions,

-that all tables include titles, description, and footnotes,

-that all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided,

-if graphical abstracts / highlights are provided where applicable,

-if supplementary files are provided where applicable,

-that manuscript has been ‘spell checked’ and ‘grammar checked’,

-that all references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa,

-that permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet),

-that journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed, and

-that referee suggestions and contact details are provided based on the journal requirements.


Article structure

The following details provide the author(s) with more information to proceed with the submission and manuscript preparation. Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not numbered). Use this numbering for internal cross-referencing, too: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


1.      The title page

 -Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and surname(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author.


Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication with an asterisk *. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about the article including the Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up-to-date by the corresponding author.


Present/permanent address.

If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.



A concise and factual abstract is required (of between 150-220 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s) only. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.



Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5-7 keywords in small letters, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). The keywords are used for indexing purposes.



The ‘Acknowledgments’ text shall be provided in the title page of your submission. It should not be provided in the main source file.



Define abbreviations that are not standard in the field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure the consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


-Funding sources

List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder’s requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the ………………. [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy];

When funding is from a grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


2.      The introduction, body and concluding sections


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background that includes a review of relevant literature, avoiding a summary of the results.


- Methodology and Materials

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If you are quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.



Results should be clear, to the point, and concise.



This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section may be appropriate depending on the nature of the study. Your discussion should refer back to relevant published literature and highlight your contribution.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


3.      References and referencing


-Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references must be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading.


-Data references

EFLTLJ encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add the dataset immediately before the reference so that it can be properly identified as a data reference. The dataset identifier will not appear in your published article.


-References in a special issue

Please ensure that the words ‘this issue’ are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.


4.      Reference style in the text and the reference list

Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (the 7th edition).

List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication.


-Reference to a journal publication:

Kenneth, J., Hamrades, J. A. J., & Latex, R. A. (2010). The art of                            

           composing. EFLTLJ, 163, 51–59.


-Reference to a journal publication with an article number:

Vandyke, B., Hangars, J. A. J., & Mansur, R. A. (2018). The ISI          

          publications. EJAL19, e00205.


-Reference to a book:

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York:                 Longman. DOI or URL


-Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your             article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic                   age (2nd ed., pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc. DOI or URL


-Reference to a website:

Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003). Accessed 13, March, 2003.


-Reference to a dataset:

Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., Nakashizuka, T. (2015). Mortality data for                          Japanese oak wiltdisease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley                  Data, v1.


-Reference to a conference paper or poster presentation:

Engle, E. K., Cash, T. F., & Jarry, J. L. (2009, November). The body image                          behaviors inventory-3: Development and validation of the body image                        compulsive actions and body image  avoidance scales. Poster session                      presentation at the meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive                Therapies, New York, NY.